Ordering

MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS Ver.2

A new method for exosome purification using phosphatidylserine and Tim4

The exosome membrane contains proteins and lipids derived from secretory cells. Among those components, phosphatidylserine (PS) is known to be oriented inside the cell membrane of intact cells by the enzymatic activity of lipid flippase, and be known to be exposed also on the outer surface of exosome membrane3). In addition, T-cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain-containing protein 4 (Tim4), the receptor involved in phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by macrophages, is known to bind PS via the IgV domain located within the extracellular region in a calcium ion-dependent manner.4)

Based on these findings, we developed a new and unprecedented method for exosome purification using Tim4-immobilized magnetic beads (capable of capturing exosomes in samples such as culture supernatants and serum in the presence of calcium ions and releasing them by elution with a buffer supplemented with a chelating reagent) in collaboration with Professor Rikinari Hanayama (Department of Immunology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences) and successfully constructed an exosome purification kit based on these magnetic beads5).

This exosome purification kit, MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS, has realized easy purification of intact exosomes with higher purity than that obtained by any conventional methods for exosome purification. It is currently being established as a new exosome purification method replacing ultracentrifugation, the conventional gold standard.

MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS Ver.2 (V2.0 Kit) is an improved version of MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS (conventional kit). V2.0 kit realizes improved recovery efficiency, reduced reaction time, and reduced cytotoxicity.

banner_exosome_guidebook_EN.png

Exosome_Application_Note_img01.png

A novel affinity-based method for phosphatidylserine (PS) on the surface of extracellular vesicles

01118_img01.png
Extracellular vesicles are captured by phosphatidylserine (PS)-binding proteins and metal ions, then captured extracellular vesicles are eluted with a chelating reagent.

References
  1. Tkach, M. et al. Communication by Extracellular Vesicles : Where We Are and Where We Need to Go. Cell 164, 1226-1232(2016).
  2. Raimondo, F. et al. Advances in membranous vesicle and exosome proteomics improving biological understanding and biomarker discovery. Proteomics 11, 709-720(2011).
  3. Trajkovic, K. et al. Ceramide triggers budding of exosome vesicles into multivesicular endosomes. Science 319(5867) : 1244-7(2008).
  4. Miyanishi, M. et al. Identification of Tim4 as a phosphatidylserine receptor. Nature 450, 435-439(2007).
  5. Nakai, W. et al. A novel affinity-based method for the isolation of highly purified extracellular vesicles. Sci. Rep. 6, 33935(2016).

Features

  • Novel affinity method

    • Isolating by a PS-binding molecule
    • Low background
    • Mild elution by a chelating reagent under a neutral pH condition

    ※High purity exosomes can be easily isolated by PS affinity method.

    01118_img02.png

    High purity and intact exosomes

  • No required ultracentrifugation

    • Easy operation using magnetic beads
    • Optimized protocol

    01118_img02.png

    High reproducibility

01118_img03.gif
Comparison with other purification method
Methods Exosome purity Recovery amount Intact or not Total Protein yield
MagCapture™
(PS affinity method)
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Yes
Ultracentrifugation ■ ■ ■ ■ Yes ■ ■ ■
Polymer-based precipitation ■ ■ Yes ■ ■ ■ ■
Density gradient centrifugation method ■ ■ ■ Yes ■ ■
Size fractionation method ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Yes ■ ■
Exosome surface antigen affinity method
(using the antibody)
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ No No data

※This comparison table is based on our own survey. Since the results vary depending on a sample, a detection target and method, the performance of each method is not guaranteed.

Target samples: cell culture supernatant, serum, plasma, urine, etc.

 

Comparison of conventional kit and V2.0 Kit
MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS ver.2 (V2.0 kit) MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS (Conventional kit)
Recovery amount Culture supernatant ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Blood sample ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
Reaction time*1 1 hour or more 3 hours or more
Recyclable count*2 5 times 5 times
Cell cytotoxicity of elution buffer*3 Low*4 (Against the conventional kit) Depending on cell lines

*1: Reaction time varies depending on the volume of the sample.
*2: 5 times = 1 time for first use + 4 times for reuse [We recommend the use of new magnetic beads when using samples of different origin or when the risk of contamination.]
*3: Elution buffer = Exosome Elution Buffer contained in the kit.
*4: It is possible to do administration experiments (in vitro or in vivo) without change the elution buffer. [When EDTA in the elution buffer show problems, buffer exchange is recommended.]

Preprocessing protocols for various samples

This is the section to prepare samples. When exosomes and other large EVs (microvesicles) are needed, prepare 1,200 x g supernatant※1 as a sample.

Additionally, when highly purified exosomes are needed, prepare 10,000 x g supernatant※2 as a sample. This protocol for sample preparation is set for cell culture medium, serum, and plasma. When other body fluids are used, please examine the appropriate preprocessing protocol by referring to the protocol for serum and plasma.

※1 When exosomes and large EVs are needed, use 1,200 x g sup. franction as sample.
※2 When exosomes are needed, use 10,000 x g sup. fraction as sample.
※3 When Large EVs are needed, use ppt of Large EVs obtained by centrifugation at 10,000 x g as sample after suspending it with TBS.

※4 The concentration step is an option when using a large volume (~ 50 mL) of cell culture supernatant as a sample for purification. However, since recovery efficiency improves, please perform it as much as possible.
※5 Because EV-Save™ contains polymers, its use is not recommended for preparation of proteomic analysis samples.

Note : a volume of large or small sample

In the case of large volume

The concentration of the sample is recommended when using a large volume (~ 50 mL) of cell culture supernatant as a sample for purification. Since recovery efficiency improves, please perform it as much as possible.

In the case of small volume

Add the appropriate volume of TBS into samples to reach the volume of 0.5 mL to obtain the better mixture of the Exosome Capture-immobilized beads with the sample. (Example: 100 - 200 μL → 500 μL)

Reference data : NTA of exosomes and large EVs

1 mL of K562 cell culture supernatant (collected after stimulating exosome secretion with monensin sodium salt) was centrifuged at 10,000 x g to isolate supernatant and precipitate (suspended with 1 mL of TBS) fractions.

Then, extracellular vesicles were purified from both fractions with MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS and analyzed using NanoSight LM10.

MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS (Conventional kit)

Outline of Procedure of MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS

Kit components

2 tests 10 tests
Streptavidin Magnetic Beads 120 μL x 1 tube 600 μL x 1 tube
Biotin-labeled Exosome Capture 20 μL x 1 tube 100 μL x 1 tube
Exosome Capture Immobilizing Buffer 7 mL x 1 tube 35 mL x 1 tube
Exosome Binding Enhancer (500 x ) 100 μL x 1 tube 500 μL x 1 tube
Washing Buffer 30 mL x 1 tube 75 mL x 2 tubes
Exosome Elution Buffer 1 mL x 1 tube 5 mL x 2 tubes
Reaction Tubes 4 tubes 22 tubes

Application data

Analysis of extracellular vesicles purified from serum / plasma / urine samples

Compairson

Proteomics analysis of exosomes

Assay of protein concentration

Exosome labeling and uptake assay with HeLa cells

Analysis of extracellular vesicles purified from serum / plasma / urine samples

Comparing the yield of exosomes isolated from human normal serum

Exosomes were isolated from normal human serum by using MagCapture™, ultracentrifugation and affinity method with antibody against surface antigen of exosome, followed by Western Blot with the anti-CD9 and anti-CD63 antibodies.

01118_img04.png

Lane 1: Ultracentrifugation
Lane 2: MagCapture™
Lane 3: Exosome Isolation reagent with antibody against CD9 [Supplier A]
Lane 4: Exosome Isolation reagent with antibody against CD63 [Supplier A]
Lane 5: Exosome Isolation reagent with antibody against CD81 [Supplier A]
Lane 6: Exosome Isolation reagent with antibodies [Supplier A]
(antibody beads-mixture of CD9, CD63, CD81 & EpCAM)
Detection antibody
Anti-CD9 rabbit pAb, System Bioscience
Anti-CD63 rabbit pAb, System Bioscience


About data of WB
Each signal corresponds to 150 μL of the serum sample. 15 μL of eluate and 5 μL of 4 x SDS sample buffer were mixed and applied all in each well.

The yield of exosomes by MagCapture™ is higher than ultracentrifugation and the antibody-based method.

Isolating exosomes from human EDTA-plasma

Exosomes were isolated from EDTA-plasma, EDTA-plasma (buffer-exchanged), and serum by using MagCapture™, followed by Western Blot with the anti-Flotillin2 antibody.


Lane 1: EDTA-plasma
Lane 2: EDTA-plasma (buffer-exchanged)
Lane 3: Serum
Detection antibody
Anti-Flotillin2 mouse mAb (29/Flotillin-2), BD Bioscience
Sample volume
1 mL each
About data of WB
Each signal corresponds to 150 μL of various samples. 15 μL of eluate and 5 μL of 4 x SDS sample buffer were mixed and applied all in each well.

By exchanging buffer by ultrafiltration, exosomes can be isolated more efficiently.

Comparing the yield of exosomes isolated from human normal urine

Exosomes were isolated from normal human urine by using MagCapture™, ultracentrifugation and polymerbased precipitation, followed by Western Blot with the anti-CD9 antibody.

Comparison of recovery amount of marker protein
01118_img05.png

Lane 1: Polymer-based precipitation
Lane 2: Ultracentrifugation
Lane 3: Mag Capture™
Detection antibody
Anti-CD9 rabbit pAb, System Bioscience
Sample volume
1 mL each
About data of WB
Each signal corresponds to 150 μL of the urine sample. 15 μL of eluate and 5 μL of 4 x SDS sample buffer were mixed and applied all in each well.

Comparison of NTA
01118_img06.png
01118_img07.png
01118_img08.png
Size Distribution
Mean: 176 +/- 1.6 nm
Mode: 117 +/- 4.5 nm
SD: 96 +/- 5.8 nm
Size Distribution
Mean: 191 +/- 9.4 nm
Mode: 113 +/- 2.8 nm
SD: 88 +/- 7.4 nm
Size Distribution
Mean: 107 +/- 1.2 nm
Mode: 86 +/- 1.2 nm
SD: 42 +/- 1.0 nm

High purity exosomes can be isolated from urine sample.

Analysis of extracellular vesicles purified from culture supernatant samples

The yield and purity were compared for exosomes isolated from K562 (human chronic mylogenous leukemia: CML) cell culture supernatants (serum-free medium, or 10% Exosome-depleted FBS medium) by using MagCapture™, ultracentrifugation and polymer-based precipitation method.

MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS

Exosomes were recovered from 1 mL of pretreated (10,000 x g, 30 min.) cell culture supernatant of K562 cells (serum-free medium or 10% exosome-depleted FBS※1 included medium) by using PS affinity method's standard protocol (reaction time: 3 hours)

Ultracentrifugation

10 mL of pretreated (10,000 × g, 30 min.) cell culture supernatant of K562 cells (serum-free medium or 10% exosome-depleted FBS※1 included medium) were ultracentrifuged at 110,000×g, 70 min., and the precipitates were suspended with TBS. Then, the suspension was ultracentrifuged again and the precipitated pellet was recovered as exosome sample.

Polymer-based precipitation

Exosomes were collected from 1 mL of pretreated (10,000 × g, 30 min.) cell culture supernatant of K562 cells (serum-free medium or 10% exosome-depleted FBS※1 included medium) by Supplier A’s product in accordance with manual (Precipitation time: overnight).

※1: Centrifuged for 2 hours at 110,000 × g, and the supernatant was collected so as not to take up the precipitate.

Electron microscopic analysis and Nano analysis of isolated exosomes

The particle size of exosomes from K562 cell culture supernatant (serum-free medium) using MagCapture™, ultracentrifugation and polymer-based precipitation, respectively was determined by using NanoSight LM-10. The collected exosomes (2 - 4 x 1010 particles) were fixed by 2% paraformaldehyde and analyzed by electron microscopy.

01118_img09.png

Electron microscope images were provided by Dr. R. Hanayama at Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa University and Dr. Nakai at iFReC, Osaka University.

MagCapture™ collected many particles around 50 - 100 nm in size. With electron microscopy, numerous extracellular vesicles can be seen.

Comparing the recovery amount and purity of exosomes (serum-free)

Exosomes were collected from cell culture supernatant of K562 cells (serum-free medium) by MagCapture™, ultracentrifugation and polymer-based precipitation. The recovery amount and purity were analyzed by silver staining and Western Blot with anti-CD63, anti-Flotillin-2, and anti-Lamp-1 antibodies.

01118_img10.png

With MagCapture™, the recovery performance of exosomes is excellent and the amount of contaminant of proteins is very low, thus the balance of purity and recovery amount is the best.

Comparing the recovery amount and purity of exosomes (10% exosome-depleted FBS)

The exosomes were collected from cell culture supernatant of K562 cells (10% exosome-depleted FBS included medium) by MagCapture™, ultracentrifugation and polymer-based precipitation. The recovery amount and purity were analyzed by silver staining and Western Blot with anti-CD63, anti-Lamp-1, and anti-Flotillin-2 antibodies. Furthermore, collected samples by each method were analyzed by mass spectrometry and compared the percentage of human-derived peptides from K562 cells.

01118_img11.png

MASS analysis data was provided by Dr. R. Hanayama at Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa University and Dr. W. Nakai at iFReC Osaka University.

With MagCapture™, high purity exosomes are recovered even from culture medium with FBS, thus MASS analysis can be done with low background.

Comparison

Comparison of microRNA and mRNA recovery amount from exosomes derived from normal human serum

Comparison of microRNA and mRNA recovery amount from exosomes prepared by different techniques

After isolation of exosomes from normal human serum samples by ultracentrifugation and the PS affinity method, RNA was recovered using microRNA Extractor SP Kit (Code No. 295-71701). microRNA (let-7a, miR-16, miR-92a, miR-142-3p) and mRNA (GAPDH, PIK3CB) were determined by quantitative PCR and compared it using Ct values.

01118_img12.png

microRNA and mRNA were recovered more efficiently from exosomes isolated by the PS affinity method than those isolated by ultracentrifugation.

Comparison of RNA extraction methods from the PS affinity fractions

After isolation of exosomes from normal human serum samples by the PS affinity method, RNA was recovered using microRNA Extractor SP Kit (Code No. 295-71701) or acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenolchloroform extraction (AGPC method). microRNA (let-7a, miR-16, miR-92a, miR-142-3p) and mRNA (GAPDH, PIK3CB) were determined by quantitative PCR and compared it using Ct values.

01118_img13.png

microRNA and mRNA were recovered more efficiently from exosomes using microRNA Extractor SP Kit than using AGPC method.

Proteomics analysis of exosomes

Description and results of experiment

Exosomes were purified from K562 cell culture supernatant containing 10% exosome-free FBS using either the PS affinity method, ultracentrifugation, or polymer precipitation. The obtained exosome samples were separated by 10% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and the individual whole protein bands were cut out. After in-gel digestion, proteins were identified by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Proteins identified in exosome preparations purified by the 3 different methods (n=3 for each method) were also compared for Pair-wise correlations.

Comparison of the top 10 proteins identified by MASS analysis

White columns: human protein derived from EVs
Gray columns: bovine protein contaminants derived from FBS
Red color: marker proteins of EVs
Sample: K562 cell culture Sup. (10% exosome-depleted FBS included)

PS Affinity Ultracentrifugation Polymer Precipitation
1 Heat shock cognate 71 kDa Protein DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit Complement C3
2 Annexin A6 Transferrin receptor protein 1 Alpha-2-macroglobulin
3 Transferrin receptor protein 1 Serum albumin Fibronectin
4 V-type proton ATPase catalytic subunit A ATP-dependent RNA helicase A Serum albumin
5 Flotiillin-2 Tubulin beta-5 chain Thrombospondin-1
6 Programmed cell death 6-interacting protein Heat shock cognate 71 kDa protein Complement C4
7 4F2 cell-surface antigen heavy chain Fatty acid synthase Alpha-1-antiproteinase
8 Annexin A1 4F2 cell-surface antigen heavy chain Apolipoprotein B-100
9 Kinase D-interacting substrate of 220 kDa U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein helicase Hemoglobin fetal subunit beta
10 Annexin A2 Tubulin beta-4B chain Tubulin beta-5 chain

While proteins of bovine serum origin are present in the greater amount of exosome preparations obtained by polymer precipitation, more exosome marker proteins are identified in exosome preparations obtained by the PS affinity method.

Comparison of Pair-wise correlation

01118_img14.png

Sample: K562 cell culture Sup. (10% exosome-depleted FBS included)

Reproducibility
Ultracentrifugation (UC) Low
Polymer Precipitation High
PS Affinity High

Reference: Sci Rep. 2016 Sep 23;6:33935. Nakai W et al.

Polymer precipitation and the PS affinity method exhibit high intra-method correlation, while the intra-method correlation for ultracentrifugation is a little bit lower. Inter-method correlations between different methods are relatively low. The different purification methods might yield different exosome populations.

Assay of protein concentration

Assay of protein concentration in exosomes using Protein Assay BCA Kit

PProtein Assay BCA Kit, capable of assaying total protein concentration in solution using bicinchoninic acid (BCA), is the most widely used protein assay kit. It is based on the principle of reduction of Cu2+ to Cu+ by protein under basic conditions. Chelate formation between Cu+ and BCA generates a purple-colored chelate. Since the purple color becomes more intense in proportion with protein concentration, the protein concentration is determined by comparing this absorbance at 562 nm with a standard curve of absorbance from varying bovine serum albumin (BSA).
Here, the protein concentration in an exosome preparation purified from cell culture supernatant using MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS was determined according to the high-sensitivity protocol for Protein Assay BCA Kit.

Description and results of experiment

An exosome solution purified using MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS pipetted into a 96 well plate in 25 μL aliquots and then 200 μL of a mixture of Reagent A and Reagent B included in Protein Assay BCA Kit was added to each well. After subsequent incubation at 60℃ for 30 minutes, the absorbance was measured at 560 nm (Figure 1). The result demonstrated that the protein concentration in a purified exosome preparation was able to determine using the high-sensitivity protocol for Protein Assay BCA Kit.

01118_img15.png

Figure 1. A BSA calibration curve determined using Protein Assay BCA Kit and assay of protein concentration of a purified exosome preparation

Overview of BCA assay protocol

Since protein concentrations of exosome preparations are rather low, use undiluted samples for BCA protein assay.

  1. Pipette 25 μL per well of standard BSA solutions (250, 125, 62.5, 31.25, 15.625 μg/mL) and a standard BLANK into a 96 well plate.
  2. Pipette 25 μL per well of a purified exosome preparation and Elution Buffer (BLANK) on a 96-well plate.
  3. Add 200 μL per well of a mixture of Reagent A and Reagent B (A:B = 50:1) of Protein Assay BCA Kit (Code No: 297-73101) to each sample-containing well.
  4. Incubated the plate at 60 ℃ for 30 minutes.
  5. Allow the plate to cool at room temperature.
  6. Measure the absorbance at 560 nm.

Exosome labeling and uptake assay with HeLa cells

Experiment overview

Exosomes purified by MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS were labeled with PKH67 (Sigma) and confirmed their ability to be incorporated into HeLa cells.

Exosome labeling with PKH67

  1. Purify exosomes using MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS (from COLO201 cell culture supernatant on the day of experiment).
    * To prevent loss of labeled samples due to adsorption in Step 6-7 Gel filtration, addition of EV-Save™ Extracellular Vesicle Blocking Reagent to the elution buffer included in the kit is recommended. Using the elution buffer containing EV-Save™, the sample can be prepared with the minimal loss.
  2. Determine the protein concentration and particle concentration by BCA Assay and using NanoSight.
  3. Dispense the exosome sample solution corresponding to 3 μg protein* in a 1.5 mL tube.
    * Prepare an appropriate amount as needed for the experiment.
  4. Dissolve 2.0 μL PKH67 linker in 0.25 mL of Diluent C (provided with the PKH67 kit) - 4 x Dye solution*
    * Prepare an appropriate amount as needed for the experiment.
  5. Add 1/3 volume of 4 x Dye solution to the exosome sample, mix, and incubate the mixture at room temperature for 5-10 minutes.
  6. Equilibrate Exosome Spin Columns (MW 3000) (Thermo #4484449) with PBS according to the protocol provided with the product.
  7. Apply 100 μL of each sample to each spin column equilibrated as described above* and centrifuge at 750 x for 2 minutes to separate unbound dye from labeled exosomes.
    * Because the maximum loading volume is 100 μL per column, multiple columns corresponding to the sample volume are recommended to be kept on hand where the sample amount is more than 100 μL.
  8. Add the solution containing labeled exosomes* to HeLa cells seeded on a dish on a preceding day. After 24 hours, perform microscopic observation and flow cytometry.
    * Adjust the number of exosomes added.
  • Results of microscopic observation
  • Results of flow cytometry

Figure 1. Observation of the uptake of PKH-labeled exosomes into HeLa cells. Exosomes were isolated from COLO201 cell conditioned medium using MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS (total protein 3 μg, particle number 1 x 1010), followed by labeling using PKH67 Green Fluorescent Cell Linker Kit (Sigma). The uptake of the labeled exosomes into HeLa cells was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy (left) and flow cytometry (right).

Now you can see that PKH67-labeled exosomes are incorporated th rough endocytosis in both microscopy image and flow cytometry chart. Also, you can find that EV-Save™ Extracellular Vesicle Blocking Reagent added to the sample remarkably reduced the loss due to adsorption to the gel filtration column in a dye-removal step.

MagCapture™ Exosome Isolation Kit PS Ver.2 (V2.0 kit)

Different points between V2.0 kit and conventional kit*1

*1: Conventional kit = MagCapture™ Isolation Kit PS (Code No. 293-77601)

  • Improved exosome recovery efficiency
  • Shortened experiment time
    Affinity reaction is an hour! (the conventional kit needs 3 hours)
  • Reduced cell cytotoxicity
    No need to buffer exchange

Outline of Procedure of V2.0 kit*2

*2: V2.0 kit = MagCapture™ Isolation Kit PS Ver.2 (Code No. 290-84103)

01118_img22.png

Kit components

2 tests 10 tests
Biotin Capture Magnetic Beads 120 μL 600 μL
Biotin-labeled Exosome Capture 20 μL 100 μL
Exosome Immobilizing / Washing Buffer (10 x) 5 mL 25 mL
Exosome Binding Enhancer (500 x) 300 μL 1500 μL
Exosome Elution Buffer (10 x) 300 μL 1500 μL
Reaction Tubes 4 tubes 22 tubes

Comparison with the conventional kit

Exosome recovery efficiency: serum and plasma

Exosome recovery efficiency: culture supernatant of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)

Cell cytotoxicity of purified exosome

Exosome recovery efficiency: serum and plasma

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) of human serum and plasma were isolated and purified by conventional kit or V2.0 kit. Then, followed by the following assays from 1 to 3.

  1. Comparison of an EV marker by PS Capture™ Exosome ELISA Kit
  2. Comparison of EV markers by western blot
  3. Measuring particle numbers by Nanosight

V2.0 kit contains an exosome elution buffer (10 x). In this assay, 1 x elution buffer and 2 x elution buffer were evaluated.
As a result, V2.0 kit is as good as the conventional kit in the case of human blood samples. In particular recovery efficiency of EV from plasma sample improved with 2 x elution buffer.

1. Comparison of EV marker (PS Capture™ Exosome ELISA kit)

01118_img23.png

 

2. Comparison of EV markers (Western blot)

▷Detection antibody: Anti CD9, Rat Monoclonal Antibody (77B) (Code No. 019-28173)

01118_img24.png

 

▷Detection antibody:Anti CD63, Monoclonal Antibody (3-13) (Code No. 012-27063)

01118_img25.png

 

▷Detection Antibody: Anti Flotillin2, Monoclonal Antibody (BD)

01118_img26.png

 

3. Measuring particle numbers by Nanosight

01118_img27.png

Exosome recovery efficiency: culture supernatant of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)

EVs from MSC culture supernatant were isolated and purified by conventional kit or V2.0 kit. Then, followed by the following assays from 1 to 3.

  1. Comparison of EV marker by PS Capture™ Exosome ELISA Kit
  2. Comparison of EV markers by western blot
  3. Measuring particle numbers by Nanosight

As a result, EV recovery efficiency of V2.0 kit is higher than the conventional kit.

1. Comparison of EV marker by PS Capture™ Exosome ELISA Kit

01118_img29.png

 

2. Comparison of EV markers expression by western blot

01118_img30.png

 

3. Measuring particle numbers by Nanosight

01118_img31.png

Cell cytotoxicity of purified exosome

EVs from COLO201 culture supernatant were isolated and purified by conventional kit or V2.0 kit. Same amount of purified EVs and the exosome elution buffer were added into human normal fibroblasts. After 48 hours, cell morphological changes and cell death were observed in the case of conventional kit, however, V2.0 kit didn’t show these changes. Therefore, V2.0 kit is possible to use for uptake experiments (in vitro or in vivo) without buffer exchange*3.

*3: When EDTA in the elution buffer show problems, buffer exchange is recommended.

01118_img32.png

Special Contents

Banner_ExosomeSpecialContents.png

Exosome_Application_Note_img01.png

User's Voice

"This kit was the most successful exosome isolation method I have ever tried."

Biopharmaceutical company | Sample: Mesenchymal stem cells

"Because of the low back, the glycan analysis was successful. This kit provided the basis for determining exosomes as one of the theme in our laboratory."

University-Medical school | Sample: Human urine

"We have discovered a disease marker protein from serum-derived exosomes isolated with this kit."

University-Medical school | Sample: Human serum

"Exosomes are very pure with this kit compared to other methods of isolating exosomes depending on a sample."

Cancer research organization | Sample: Human plasma / serum

"Analysis of the exosomes isolated with this kit revealed candidate proteins for disease markers."

University-Medical school | Sample: Human urine

Product List

  • Open All
  • Close All

Isolation / Purification of Exosome

Isolation / Purification of Exosome (for large volume sample)

Related Product List

  • Open All
  • Close All

Exosome ELISA Kit

Exosome Flow Cytometry Kit

Exosome Blocking reagent

Exosome Marker antibody

Tim-Fc Series

Magnet stand

For research use or further manufacturing use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

Product content may differ from the actual image due to minor specification changes etc.

If the revision of product standards and packaging standards has been made, there is a case where the actual product specifications and images are different.

877-714-1920

Hours of Operation: 8:00 - 17:00 (EST)For other hours than the above, please contact us via the inquiry form.